Археологический портал знаний
Svend Hansen. Cultural Mobility in Bronze Age Europe
The purpose of the following introduction is threefold. First, it sets out to provide an outline of archaeological re-search into cultural mobility while highlighting the Bronze Age as a major epoch of connectivity in European pre-history. This will serve as the background for the second section, which summarises the main research incentives driving the investigation of mobility in the EC research and training programme Forging Identities – The Mobility of Culture in Bronze Age Europe (FI)1.
5The purpose of the following introduction is threefold. First, it sets out to provide an outline of archaeological re-search into cultural mobility while highlighting the Bronze Age as a major epoch of connectivity in European pre-history. This will serve as the background for the second section, which summarises the main research incentives driving the investigation of mobility in the EC research and training programme
Forging Identities – The Mobility of Culture in Bronze Age Europe
. This section fur-thermore outlines the results of individual research proj-ects and also makes efforts to synthesise these various outcomes by means of dialogue with the current state of Bronze Age research. The results of the Forging Identi-ties project (FI) are still emerging and will be presented in overview form. Naturally, the third aim of this intro-duction is to form a broad foreword to the present book volume which comprises 52 articles based on the
The Marie Curie Initial Training Network (ITN, FP 7) “
Identities – The Mobility of Culture in Bronze Age Europe
” 2009-2012 was comprised of a series of collaborating partner institutions (of which Aarhus University was coordinator) and a total of fifteen research fel-lows. ‘Forging Identities’ anchored its networking between eighteen partners distributed across Europe and joined by a common platform of research training activities. The seven
consisted of the following institutions/scholars: Aarhus Universitet/Helle Vandkilde (coordinator, AU Denmark), Goeteborgs Universitet/Kristian Kristian-sen (GU, Sweden), Eurasien-Abteilung des Deutschen Archäologischen Instituts/Svend Hansen (DAI-Berlin, Germany), Christian Albrechts Universität zu Kiel/Johannes Müller (CAU, Germany), The Chancellor, Masters and Scholars of the University of Cambridge/Marie Louise Stig Sørensen (UCAM DARC, United Kingdom), Aristotelio Panepistimio Thessalonikis/Konstantinos Kotsakis (UT, Greece) and University of Southampton/Joanna Sofaer (US, United Kingdom). Eleven
provided secondments, scientific laboratory facilities, ar-chaeological and scientific data, field school sites and media for public dissemination. Among the associated partners were several museums and institutions of archaeological science: University of Copenhagen/ Niels Lynnerup (Denmark), Deutsche Montan Technologie – Deutsches Bergbau-Museum Bochum/Andreas Hauptmann (Germany), Museum of Natural History Vienna/Maria Teschler-Nicola (Austria), Stockholm University/Kerstin Lidén (Sweden), Muzeul National al Unirii Alba Iulia/Horia Cigudean (Romania), High Anthropological School Kisinev/ Igor Manzura (Moldavia), Slovak Academy of Sciences/Joseph Batora (Slovakia), Uniwersytet im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu/Janusz Czebreszuk (Poland), The University of Umeå/Thomas B. Larsson (Sweden), Matrica Museum/Magdolna Vicze (Hungary), Moesgård Museum/Jan Skamby Madsen (Denmark). The group of
comprised Ole Christian Aslaksen (GU), Esther Fejer (AU), Vanessa Guyot (DAI-Berlin), Christina Karlsson (US), Maikel Kuijpers (UCAM DARC), Sascha Mauel (UT), Heide Wrobel Nørgaard (AU), Dalia Pokutta (GU), Constanze Rassmann (AU), Samantha Reiter (AU), and Nicole Taylor (CAU). The group of
comprised Christian Horn (GU), Paulina Suchowska-Ducke (AU), Tim Flohr Sø-rensen (UCAM DARC) and Claes Uhnér (DAI-Berlin).
Mobility in Bronze Age Europe
conference held at Aarhus University (AU Moesgård) in Denmark from 5-9 June, 2012. With over a hundred presentations in five sessions, the conference was as macro-regional as the subject area with which researchers from all over Europe and from the United States of America engaged. In addition to mark-ing the final phase of the ‘Forging Identities project’, the conference also hosted the 12
Nordic Bronze Age Sym-posium, a gathering of mainly Scandinavian researchers which was incorporated into a genuinely international context of knowledge and ongoing research targeting Eu-rope’s Bronze Age for the very first time.
Cultural Mobility in Research Historical Perspective
One could argue that mobility was embedded in the Bronze Age. As both concept and historical span, the Bronze Age’s defining alloy preconditioned the movement of raw mate-rials as well as knowledge. Christian Jürgensen Thomsen (1836) coined the term Bronze Age almost two hundred years ago
. Since then, this epoch has been reframed in numerous ways by a variety of different archaeological studies. Influential among these was the work of Gordon Childe (1930, 1942, 1951, 1958) in the early 20th century. He demonstrated that the onset of metal production first took off within Neolithic villages and, more generally, that the establishment of farming societies was a precondition for the subsequent development of complex metallurgy including alloying. Copper production merited and even demanded a special infrastructure while copper circulation opened the metallurgical field for wide-ranging exchange networks, promoting novel social strategies. Today we would broadly define the Bronze Age as the (proto-)his-toric period between 3000 and 500 BC.Even if mobility was only rarely investigated in and of itself, research has not questioned the Bronze Age as a period possessed of considerable geographical range. Ex-cept for the arctic and desert extremities, some form of a Bronze Age is, in fact, recognized throughout Eurasia, suggesting coherence across these huge distances, if only defined by the use of history’s first alloy and copper met-allurgy in general (cf. Burmeister
. 2013; Rahmstorf 2010, Fig. 6; Roberts et al
. 2009, Fig. 1b). Be it weak or
This chronological division was, in fact, already in place around 1818 when Thomsen began his guided tours in the collection which would later become the Danish National Museum.